Facts About Namibia

GENERAL

Surface area: 824 268 km2
Capital: Windhoek
Independence: 21 March 1990
Current president., Hifikepunye Pohamba
Multiparty Parliament
Democratic Constitution
Division of power between executive, legislature and judiciary
Secular state-freedom of religion (90% Christian)
Freedom of the press/media

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ENVIRONMENT

Nature reserves, 15 % of surface area
Highest mountain: Brandberg
Other prominent mountains: Spitzkoppe, Mottkeblick, Gamsberg
Perennial rivers: Orange, Kunene, Okavango, Zambezi and KwandolLinyanfilChobe Ephemeral rivers: Numerous, including Fish, Kuiseb, Swakop and Ugab

FLORA

14 vegetation zones
120 species of trees
200 endemic plant species
100 plus species of lichen
Living fossil plant: Welwitschia mirabilis


 

ECONOMY

Main sectors: Mining, Fishing, Tourism & Agriculture
Biggest employer., Agriculture (46%)
Fastest-growing sector: Tourism
Mining: Diamonds, uranium, copper, lead, zinc, magnesium, cadmium, arsenic, pyrites, silver and gold, lithium minerals, dimension stones (granite, marble, blue sodalite) and many semi¬ precious stones

PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

5 450 km tarred roads, 37 000 kin gravel roads
Harbours: Walvis Bay, Lüderitz
Main Airports: Hosea Kutako International Airport, Eros Airport, 46 airstrips
Rail network: 2 382 km narrow gauge
6.2 telephone lines per 100 inhabitants
Direct-dialing facilities to 221 countries
Mobile communication system: GSM
Agreements with 117 countries1255 networks
Postal Service affiliated to Universal Postal Union

SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

One medical doctor per 3 650 people
Two privately run hospitals in Windhoek with intensive-care units
Medical practitioners (world standard)
24-hour medical emergency services


POPULATION

2.1 million
Density: 2.2 per km2
240 000 inhabitants in Windhoek (15% of total)
Official language; English
13 regions, 13 ethnic cultures 16 languages and dialects
Adult literacy rate: 85%
Population growth rate: 2.6%
Schools: 1450

FAUNA

Big game: Elephant, lion, rhino, buffalo, cheetah, leopard, giraffe
20 antelope species
240 mammal species (14 endemic)
250 reptile species
50 frog species
676 bird species
Endemic birds include Herero Chat, Rockrunner, Damara Tern, Monteiro’s Hornbill

CLIMATE IN °C

Feb 16-30°C 60-86°F
Apr 13-29°C 65-84°F
June 7-22°C 45-72°F
Aug 9-24°C 48-75°F
Oct 12-30°C 54-86°F
Dec 16-30°C 61-86°F


 

MONEY MATTER

The Namibia dollar (N$) is fixed to and equals the SA rand. The South African rand is also legal tender, Travellers cheques, foreign currency, International Visa, Master Card. American Express and Diners Club credit cards are accepted

TAX AND CUSTOMS

All goods and services are priced to include value-added tax of 15%. Visitors may reclaim VAT.
Enquiries,- Ministry of Finance ¬Tel (+264 61) 23 0773 in Windhoek

FOREIGN REPRESENTATION

More than 50 countries have Namibian consular or embassy representation in Windhoek. For information, contact Ministry of Information and Communication Technology- Tel (+264 61) 282 9111


DRINKING WATER

Most tap water is purified and safe to drink. Visitors should exercise caution in rural areas

 

TRANSPORT

Public transport is NOT available to all destinations in Namibia. There are bus services from Windhoek-Cape Town /Johannesburg /Vic Falls /Swakopmund. Namibia's main railway line runs from the South African border, connecting Windhoek to Swakopmund in the west and Tsumeb in the north. There is an extensive network of international and regional flights from Windhoek. Domestic charters to all destinations.

 

LINKS TO VARIOUS MAPS OF NAMIBIA